FatVariety or ProcessingViscosity mm^2/s @ 40 C ASTM-D 445, ASTM-D 88Density kg/l @ 15.6 C ASTM-D 1298Density kg/l @ 25 CSurface Tension dynes/cm ASTM-D 971Net Calorific Value MJ/kgGross Calorific Value MJ/kg ASTM-D 270Cetane ASTM-D 613, ASTM-D 976Cold filter clogging point C ASTM-EN 116, IP 309Pour Point C ASTM-D 97Cloud Point C ASTM-D 2500Flash Point C ASTM-D 93Fire point CAuto-Ignition pointInitial Boiling Point, 0.1% evaporated C ASTM-D 86Final Boiling Point, 99.5% evaporated C ASTM-D 86Carbon residue % weight ASTM-D 189, ASTM-D 524Ash % in weight ASTM-D 482Particulate Matter mg/100 mlSediment content by the extraction method % volume ASTM-D 473Insoluble impurities % weight AOCS Method Ca 3a-46Unsaponifiable matter % weight AOCS Method Ca 6a-40Water by Karl-Fischer % weight ASTM-D 1744Water and sediment content % weight ASTM-D 1796Moisture and volatiles by hotplate % weight AOCS Method Ca 2b-38Moisture, Volatiles, Insolubles, and Unsaponifiables % weightFree Fatty Acid % Weight as Oleic acidAcid Value mg KOH/gIodine value g I/100g oilSaturation LevelPeroxide number ppm OxygenOxidation stability mg/100ml ASTM-D 2274Jet Fuel Thermal Oxidation Test rating ASTM-D 3241Induction PeriodCopper Corrosion Rating ASTM-D 130Saponification value mg KOH/g oilCarbon % weightHydrogen % weightOxygen % weightSulfur % weight ASTM-D 1266, ASTM-D 129, IP 336Nitrogen % weightPhosphorus % weight AOCS Method Ca 12-55Phosphorus PPMStochiometric air:fuelSource
0
Soybean
Alkali-refined
0.922
38.9
269
0.002
0.2
109
6
189
0
Engler, 1983
1
Sunflower
Crude
0.918
39.6
255
0.01
1.3
130
12
197
0.46
Engler, 1983
2
Sunflower
Degummed
0.92
39.3
257
0.01
1.5
128
14
201
0.07
Engler, 1983
3
Sunflower
Dewaxed
0.92
38.8
262
0.01
1.5
130
17
208
0.05
Engler, 1983
4
Soybean
Degummed
0.918
39
153
0.01
6.1
109
4
190
0.14
Engler, 1983
5
Soybean
Crude
0.921
38.8
229
0.2
6.2
110
11
192
0.97
Engler, 1983
6
Ricebran
0.935
38.952
30
200
0.3
7
Raja, 2004
7
Soybean
Degummed
51.7
247
Adams, 1983
8
Soybean
Salad oil
340
Adams, 1983
9
Soybean
Once-refined
279
Adams, 1983
10
Corn
0.915
37.6
270-295
Altin, 2001
11
Cottonseed
Crude
0.912
39.648
48.1
210
Altin, 2001
12
Opium poppy
0.921
38.92
Altin, 2001
13
Rapeseed
0.914
37.62
37.6
275-290
Altin, 2001
14
Soybean
Crude
0.914
39.623
37.9
230
Altin, 2001
15
Sunflower
Crude
0.918
39.525
37.1
220
Altin, 2001
16
Castor
39.5
-31.7
260
82-88
Babu, 2003
17
Coconut
6/12/2009
Babu, 2003
18
Corn
10.-140
Babu, 2003
19
Cottonseed
90-140
Babu, 2003
20
Crambe
93
Babu, 2003
21
Honne
33.058
Babu, 2003
22
Jatropha
39.774
40-45
Babu, 2003
23
Karanja
37.1
Babu, 2003
24
Linseed
168-204
Babu, 2003
25
Mahua
30.248
45
99
Babu, 2003
26
Neem
39.399
47
180
Babu, 2003
27
Olive
75-94
Babu, 2003
28
Palm
36.553
42
27
35-61
Babu, 2003
29
Peanut
80-106
Babu, 2003
30
Rapeseed
94-120
Babu, 2003
31
Safflower
126-152
Babu, 2003
32
Sesame
104-120
Babu, 2003
33
Sunflower
110-143
Babu, 2003
34
Canola
39
0.92
39.721
Bhattacharyya, 1994
35
Cottonseed
71.9
0.923
43.957
Bhattacharyya, 1994
36
Neem
140.3
0.922
41.64
Bhattacharyya, 1994
37
Peanut
56.8
0.918
38.79
40.1
Bhattacharyya, 1994
38
Rapeseed
51
0.91
39.923
Bhattacharyya, 1994
39
Safflower
Linoleic
32.3
0.93
39.542
Bhattacharyya, 1994
40
Safflower
Oleic
42.1
0.92
39.165
Bhattacharyya, 1994
41
Soybean
44.6
0.923
40.9
35.4
Bhattacharyya, 1994
42
Stillingia
40
0.91
39.124
Bhattacharyya, 1994
43
Sunflower
34.9
0.92
39.486
Bhattacharyya, 1994
44
Tallow seed
35
0.882
39.193
Bhattacharyya, 1994
45
Animal Fat
From rendering plant
0.11
2.63
0.11
2.85
25.7
<.2
Canakci, 2005
46
Brown Grease
37.03
Canakci, 2005
47
Restaurant grease
Processed mixed with unprocessed
1.03
0.99
0.35
2.37
10.5
1
Canakci, 2005
48
Lard
41-50
Canakci, 2005
49
Yellow grease
3.83
2.53
0.26
6.42
25.5
<.2
Canakci, 2005
50
Restaurant grease
Processed
0.09
0.34
3.11
3.54
2.6
3.7
Canakci, 2005
51
Restaurant grease
Boiled
<.1
0.43
0.31
0.74
9.7
4
Canakci, 2005
52
Restaurant grease
Unprocessed
0.03
0.42
1.26
1.71
0.7
4.6
Canakci, 2005
53
Restaurant grease
Unprocessed
0.03
0.38
0.65
1.06
1.3
3.1
Canakci, 2005
54
Restaurant grease
Unprocessed
0.08
0.47
1.42
1.97
0.7
1.7
Canakci, 2005
55
Restaurant grease
Unprocessed
1.22
4.83
18.06
24.11
41.8
0.8
Canakci, 2005
56
Restaurant grease
Unprocessed
0.11
0.52
0.35
0.98
1.1
3.4
Canakci, 2005
57
Restaurant grease
Solids and free water removed
2.51
0.25
55.38
58.14
14.8
0.6
Canakci, 2005
58
Soybean
15.34
Canakci, 2005
59
Soybean
<.1
0.43
0.01
0.44
0.02
66
Canakci, 2005
60
Soybean
<.1
0.41
<.10
0.41
0.01
7.3
Canakci, 2005
61
Tallow
47-63
Canakci, 2005
62
Yellow Grease
38.63
Canakci, 2005
63
Palm Oil
38.23
.9102 @ 20
36.543
39.047
42
6
14
344
0.003
0
15
12.987
de Almeida, 2002
64
Cottonseed
33.7
39.44
33.7
235
0.25
0.02
113.2
178.59
0.01
Demirbas, 1998
65
Crambe
53.2
40.62
274
0.23
0.04
99.83
178.59
0.01
Demirbas, 1998
66
Linseed
28
39.33
240
0.24
0.01
156.74
188.71
0.01
Demirbas, 1998
67
Safflower
31.6
39.52
42
260
0.26
0.007
139.83
190.23
0.01
Demirbas, 1998
68
Walnut
36.8
39.56
33.6
232
0.24
0.02
135.24
190.82
0.02
Demirbas, 1998
69
Sunflower
34.4
39.57
36.7
0.28
0.01
132.32
191.7
0.01
Demirbas, 1998
70
Beechnut
38
39.82
38.2
260
0.23
0.03
110.64
193.52
0.008
Demirbas, 1998
71
Corn
35.1
39.64
37.5
276
0.22
0.01
119.41
194.14
0.01
Demirbas, 1998
72
Soybean
33.1
39.63
38.1
255
0.24
0.006
120.52
194.61
0.01
Demirbas, 1998
73
Poppy
42.4
39.59
36.7
265
0.25
0.02
116.83
196.82
0.01
Demirbas, 1998
74
Rapeseed
37.3
39.73
37.5
245
0.31
0.006
108.05
197.07
0.01
Demirbas, 1998
75
Hazelnut kernel
24
39.83
35.8
230
0.21
0.01
98.62
197.63
0.02
Demirbas, 1998
76
Peanut
40
39.45
34.6
270
0.22
0.02
119.35
199.8
0.01
Demirbas, 1998
77
Beech
34.6
39.59
36.2
242
0.24
0.04
105.15
202.16
0.006
Demirbas, 1998
78
Castor
29.7
37.41
42.3
260
0.21
0.01
88.72
202.71
0.01
Demirbas, 1998
79
Ailanthus
30.2
39.38
35.1
238
0.22
0.02
107.18
206.34
0.01
Demirbas, 1998
80
Safflower
High Oleic
40.8
39.61
48.8
292
0.24
0.01
88.57
206.82
0.02
Demirbas, 1998
81
Spruce
35.6
39.44
34.2
238
0.26
0.01
96.08
207.79
0.01
Demirbas, 1998
82
Sesame
36
39.42
40.4
262
0.25
0.002
91.76
210.34
0.01
Demirbas, 1998
83
Bay Laurel
23.2
38.32
33.6
226
0.2
0.03
69.82
220.62
0.02
Demirbas, 1998
84
Corn Marrow
35.1
39.6
37.5
0.22
0.01
119.41
194.14
0.01
Demirbas, 2003
85
Olive
29.4
39.7
49.3
0.23
0.02
100.16
196.83
0.02
Demirbas, 2003
86
Almond
34.2
39.8
34.5
0.22
0.01
102.35
197.56
0.01
Demirbas, 2003
87
Walnut
24
39.8
52.9
0.21
0.01
98.62
197.63
0.02
Demirbas, 2003
88
Wheat Grain
32.6
39.3
35.2
0.23
0.02
120.96
205.68
0.02
Demirbas, 2003
89
Cottonseed
33.7
39.4
33.7
0.25
0.02
113.2
207.71
0.01
Demirbas, 2003
90
Soybean
33.1
39.6
38.1
0.24
0.006
69.82
220.78
0.01
Demirbas, 2003
91
Castor
297
0.9537
37.274
7
0.22
<.01
trace
0.21
9.6
95
1A
0.01
3
Goering, 1982
92
Corn
34.9
0.9095
39.5
37.6
-40
-1.1
277
0.24
0.01
trace
0.11
18.4
9.3
1A
0.01
7
Goering, 1982
93
Cottonseed
33.5
0.9148
39.468
41.8
-15
1.7
234
0.24
0.01
0.04
0.07
64.8
7.3
1A
0.01
8
Goering, 1982
94
Crambe
53.6
0.9044
40.482
44.6
-12
10
274
0.23
305
0.2
0.36
26.5
9
1A
0.01
12
Goering, 1982
95
Linseed
27.2
0.9236
39.307
34.6
-15
1.7
241
0.22
<.01
trace
0.2
33.7
2.9
1A
0.01
6
Goering, 1982
96
Peanut
39.6
0.9026
39.782
41.8
-6.7
12.8
271
0.24
0.005
trace
0.2
82.7
6.4
1A
0.01
9
Goering, 1982
97
Rapeseed
37
0.9115
39.709
37.6
-31.7
-3.9
246
0.3
0.054
trace
1.14
30.2
10
1A
0.01
18
Goering, 1982
98
Safflower
High Oleic
41.2
0.9021
39.516
49.1
-20.6
12.2
293
0.24
<.001
trace
0.26
13.6
9.8
1A
0.02
0.42
Goering, 1982
99
Safflower
31.3
0.9144
39.519
41.3
-6.7
18.3
260
0.25
0.006
trace
0.7
56.4
3.1
1A
0.01
20
Goering, 1982
100
Sesame
35.5
0.9133
39.349
40.2
-9.4
-3.9
260
0.25
<.01
trace
4.96
22.4
8.7
1A
0.01
10
Goering, 1982
101
Soybean
32.6
0.9138
39.623
37.9
-12.2
-3.9
254
0.27
<.01
trace
0.2
44.5
7.4
1A
0.01
32
Goering, 1982
102
Sunflower
33.9
0.9161
39.575
37.1
-15
7.2
274
0.23
<.01
trace
0.15
10.7
5.4
1A
0.01
15
Goering, 1982
103
Peanut
Crude
42.3
0.915
35
40.3
0.02
0.61
0.08
0.131
90.2
0.015
Goodrum, 1984
104
Deccan Hemp
38.72
255
270
Hebbal, 2006
105
Cottonseed
35.8
.925 @15
63.5
59.5
-12
-10.2
-8.7
242
0.002
absent
absent
0.24
65.48
1A
195.3
Karaosmanoglu, 1999
106
Sunflower
34.2
0.9231
39.5
41.8
-18
-12.2
-6.7
232
Absent
0.002
absent
1A
Absent
Karaosmanoglu, 2000
107
Rapeseed
38
0.916
36.87
44-48
15
20
220-300
0.01
2
111
77.3
11.9
10.8
0.0002
12.63
Labeckas, 2006
108
Rapeseed
Heated
0.884
39.08
Nwafor, 2001
109
Rapeseed
Unheated
0.918
39.08
Nwafor, 2001
110
Canola
39
0.92
36.543
0.0043
Peterson, 1983
111
Rapeseed
High Erucic
51
0.91
36.33
Peterson, 1983
112
Safflower
Linoleic
32.3
0.93
36.379
0.0046
Peterson, 1983
113
Safflower
Oleic
42.1
0.92
36.032
0.0074
Peterson, 1983
114
Sunflower
34.9
0.92
36.327
Peterson, 1983
115
Jatropha
Crude
0.92
36
225
0.00984
Prasad, 2000
116
Soybean
Crude
0.923
39.558
Pryor, 1983
117
Soybean
Degummed
0.922
39.591
Pryor, 1983
118
Sunflower
Used Cooking Oil
72.6
0.915
36.94
290
Pugazhvadivu, 2004
119
Sunflower
Used Cooking Oil
72.6
0.915
36.94
290
340
Pugazhvadivu, 2004
120
Sunflower
Crude
32.1
37.188
275
76.61
12.09
Radu, 2001
121
Cottonseed
Once-refined
32.56
0.91001
32.6
37.418
39.849
-4
0
325
358.7
681.4
0.01
15.6
0.64
0.0192
109
149
4
1A
77.2
11.5
10.6
not detected
0.002
not detected
Ryan, 1984
122
Cottonseed
Bleached and deodorized
34.25
0.9104
32.55
37.517
39.993
-4
-1
323
355.5
681.9
<.01
17
0.012
0.034
108.94
137
1
FP
77.5
11.7
10.7
not detected
0.006
not detected
Ryan, 1984
123
Cottonseed
Crude
34.89
0.90899
31.95
36.958
39.4
-3
0
300
339.9
683.3
0.23
385
0.112
109.18
2.46
4+
1A
76.8
11.5
11
not detected
0.035
0.062
Ryan, 1984
124
Peanut
Crude
36.33
0.90591
32.22
37.102
39.614
2
10
296
345.3
680.5
<.01
20.2
0.122
92.36
48.5
1
FP
77.4
11.8
10.2
not detected
0.003
not detected
Ryan, 1984
125
Peanut
Once-refined
37.16
0.91292
31.89
37.241
39.749
0
10
235
359.4
680
<.01
3
0.059
0.073
95.09
240
1
1B
77.3
11.8
10.3
not detected
0.001
not detected
Ryan, 1984
126
Peanut
Bleached and deodorized
37.38
0.90159
32.28
37.433
39.929
1
10
330
361.3
679.5
<.01
27.8
0.02
0.0629
95.32
21.3
2
1A
77.3
11.8
10.3
not detected
not detected
not detected
Ryan, 1984
127
Soybean
Once-refined
30.55
0.90878
32.13
37.76
40.204
-9
-1
320
360.7
681.4
<.01
1
0.066
0.022
130.81
162
0
FP
77.4
11.5
10.5
not detected
0.001
not detected
Ryan, 1984
128
Soybean
Degummed
31.28
0.90182
32.13
36.952
39.388
10
-7
315
360.7
679.1
0.04
14.7
0.068
128.57
53.8
4
FP
77.3
11.4
10.7
not detected
0.004
0.015
Ryan, 1984
129
Soybean
Crude
32.23
0.90198
32.01
36.981
39.388
-10
-6
312
344.2
679.5
0.08
101
0.036
0.081
129.57
43.2
4+
FP
76.9
11.3
10.7
not detected
0.009
0.027
Ryan, 1984
130
Soybean
Light Hydrogenated
37.54
0.90288
37.332
39.82
2
32-37
325
359.4
681.4
<.01
2.4
0.03
0.027
102.49
8.41
1
FP
77.4
11.7
10.7
not detected
not detected
not detected
Ryan, 1984
131
Sunflower
Dewaxed
30.61
0.90747
33.2
37.626
40.075
-9
16
322
358.7
681.4
<.01
2
0.089
0.0585
132.01
304
1
1B
77.7
11.5
10.5
not detected
0.002
not detected
Ryan, 1984
132
Sunflower
Once-refined
30.69
0.90785
32.82
37.616
40.06
-11
16
328
358.7
682.3
<.01
1.6
0.104
0.171
134.5
246
2
1B
77.6
11.5
10.6
not detected
0.001
not detected
Ryan, 1984
133
Sunflower
Crude
30.96
0.90867
32.01
37.528
39.956
-9
-10
314
358.1
682.8
0.03
187
0.066
0.062
131.93
262
4+
FP
77.5
11.4
10.5
not detected
0.004
0.007
Ryan, 1984
134
Sunflower
Deodorized
31.67
0.90747
32.82
37.688
40.135
-9
-7
323
360
681.9
<.01
1.6
0.02
0.0555
132.99
72.5
3
1A
77.7
11.5
10.4
not detected
0.004
not detected
Ryan, 1984
135
Babassu
30.3
0.946
38
20
150
Srivastava, 2000
136
Palm
39.6
0.918
42
31
267
Srivastava, 2000
137
Canola
37.82
39.5
33.5
240
Strayer, 1983
138
Palm
40.85
0.9153
52
17
266
352
7.15
<.01
0.037
0
0.1
1A
0.044
Tang, 1995
139
Rapeseed
51
0.921
36.75
77.6
11.7
10.5
<.0001
Yoshimoto, 2003
140
Sunflower
33.9
0.9174
274
0.03
0.1
130
14
206.34
0.01
Ziejeski, 1983
141
Peanut
282
445
Wijayasinghe, 1997
142
Olive
225
343
Wijayasinghe, 1997
143
Soybean
220
445
Wijayasinghe, 1997
144
Corn
Crude
393
Wijayasinghe, 1997
145
Cottonseed
Crude
343
Wijayasinghe, 1997
146
Rapeseed
Canola
315
Wijayasinghe, 1997